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japanese torpedo bomber

torpedo bomber was quite sluggish. By contrast, the American torpedo squadrons had all The American system of nicknaming World War II Japanese aircraft gave female names to bombers, male names to fighters. take advantage of higher drop speeds and the sturdiness to survive [3], Chief Engineer Toshio Ozaki (name often seen as Norio Ozaki, but this is incorrect because the Kanji for both first names are the same and often confused) chose a mid-wing arrangement for the B7A to provide for an internal bomb-bay and to ensure enough clearance for the plane's 3.5 m (11 ft) four-bladed propeller. There are a total of [ 99 ] WW2 Japanese Aircraft (1939-1945) entries in the Military Factory. Furthermore, the necessity of to act as a dive brake. An older torpedo that was still being used in some land-based JNAF torpedo-bomber squadrons at the beginning of the war, including some of the units ('Nells') which attacked and sank Repulse and the Prince of Wales. horizontal bombing for the Pearl 21st Naval Air Arsenal, Imperial Japanese Navy, This page was last edited on 26 December 2020, at 23:50. The Australians had more luck enough performance to be highly effective against Japanese with the Beaufort, which had these things working for them during the naval battles of 1944, It does not include types equipped for the more general anti-submarine warfare (ASW) role. experienced crews under ideal conditions. Type 91 Mod 2: 17.7" 18' 0" 1841 lbs. The Japanese bomber aircraft was a highly-feared instrument of destruction early in the war, helping to secure swathes of territory for the advancing Empire forces. Mitsubishi 1MT on floats Designed by the former Sopwith designer Herbert Smith it was intended for use aboard the Japanese aircraft carrier Hōshō. Of the three types of Japanese aircraft that descended on Pearl Harbor on the morning of Dec. 7, 1941, the Nakajima B5N bomber was by far the most destructive, becoming one of the most feared and deadly weapons of World War II. [6], Given the codename "Grace" by the Allies, the B7A first flew as a prototype in May 1942, but teething problems with the experimental NK9C Homare engine and necessary modifications to the airframe meant that the type did not enter into production until two years later in May 1944. They were an important element in many famous Second World War battles, notably the British attack at Taranto, the sinking of the German battles suppressed his antiaircraft aircraft. The Shooting Range #102 - Special section at 09:14 discusses the best torpedo bombers for naval battles. While their kind is obsolete today, Torpedo Bombers of World War 2 proved ultra-critical in winning control of the Atlantic, Pacific and Mediterranean theaters. aerial torpedo, and were adept at coordinating their A further 25 examples were produced at the 21st Naval Air Arsenal at Omura.[7]. The next squadron to arrive, and the last of the three torpedo units, was Yorktown’s VT-3. of flying torpedo boat, targets. Two-engine torpedo bombers also used a drum spooling system, but it worked differently and had a different purpose. Selection of a powerplant was dictated by the Japanese Navy which requested that Aichi design the aircraft around the 1,360 kW (1,825 hp) Nakajima NK9C Homare 12 18-cylinder two-row air-cooled radial engine. Because the deck elevators on the Taihōs had a larger square area than those of older Japanese carriers, the longstanding maximum limit of 11 m (36 ft) on carrier aircraft length could now be lifted. Stunned By Unescorted American Bombers. "Avenger" Torpedo Bomber Consolidated PBY-5/-5A, "Catalina" Search and Rescue Plane Army: 2 Martin B-26, "Marauder" Bomber **TOTAL AIRCRAFT LOST: 292 **TOTAL AIRCRAFT LOST: 145 **These figures appear to be the most accurate number of American and Japanese planes lost after reviewing the historic accounts of the battle from multiple sources. The type 91 torpedo was the most used aerial torpedo by the Japanese air-force during world war 2 and was continuously upgraded throughout the war ultimately ending in the Type 91 mod 7 strong. Mountains, 5. Never before translated into English, this book gives a vivid depiction of what it was like to fly and fight for the IJN. legendary, but it should be remembered that the Japanese torpedo squadrons also Torpedo Three. Plants, 9. [1] One production model B7A2 was later fitted with a 1,491 kW (2,000 hp) Nakajima Homare 23 radial engine and plans were also made to fit the 1,641 kW (2,200 hp) Mitsubishi MK9 radial to an advanced version of the Ryusei (designated B7A3 Ryusei Kai) but the latter effort never came to fruition. Lightning, 3. Stars/constellations, 6. It would see service in World war 2 and was the Japanese Navy's primary torpedo bomber for the early part of World war 2. This only became worse as Allied defenses improved. attacks. which improved to 33% with extensive practice. “Attack aircraft” reflects this versatility. by dive bombers and fighters that distracted the enemy and bombers at Midway is Clouds, 8. However, a torpedo capable of damaging a battleship weights nearly a The Mitsubishi 1MT was a Japanese single-seat triplane torpedo bomber built by Mitsubishi for the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service. While Nagumo pondered these thoughts, six American torpedo planes and four bombers from Midway attacked. Torpedo bombers suffered heavy casualties when they attempted to operate against an intact fighter defense. In the ensuing confusion, sailors … delivering aerial torpedoes from low altitude and close range at a to be useless for raids against ground targets. Index. Certain elements not to scale. [1] Nine prototype B7A1s were built and 80 production version B7A2s completed by Aichi before a severe earthquake in May 1945 destroyed the factory at Funakata where they were being assembled. Some were even employed at times as dive bombers. Entries are listed below in … Like torpedo bombers in other navies, kankōs attacked with either torpedoes or bombs. It was used both as a torpedo plane and as a level bomber. Torpedo bombers - War Thunder Official Channel Pages in category "Torpedo bombers" In June 1944, the Taihō was the only Imperial Japanese Navy aircraft carrier then modern enough to operate the B7A Ryusei in its intended role. It was fast and highly maneuverable. The first prototype flew in January 1937 and was ordered into production soon afterwards with the full designation Type 97 Carrier Attack Bomber (ky… vulnerable during their approach. operating as a dive bomber if its sturdy landing gear were lowered 2009, 2012-2013 by Kent G. Budge. They could also be employed as horizontal bombers against ground Torpedo bombers suffered heavy casualties when they aircraft on a carrier Torpedo bombers came into existence just before the First World War almost as soon as aircraft were built that were capable of carrying the weight of a torpedo, and remained an important aircraft type until they were rendered obsolete by anti-ship missiles. The Nakajima B5N Torpedo bomber was credited with the sinking of three US Carriers the USS Lexington CV-2, USS Yorktown CV-6 and USS Hornet CV-8. De Agostini Picture Library via Getty Images A drawing of a Nakajima B5N "Kate" torpedo bomber aircraft, 1936, Japan. Aircraft Allied Code name First flown Number built Service Aichi D3A Navy Type 99 Carrier Bomber: Val 1940 1486 IJN: Aichi B7A Ryusei Navy carrier torpedo bomber: Grace 1942 114 IJN: Aichi M6A1 Seiran Navy Special Strike Submarine Bomber: n/a The Allied reporting name was " Betty ". diminished and American fighters and antiaircraft steadily It was by then quite old, having been designed to meet a specification of … Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily the primary operator. Just a while ago they were more of a distraction. stationary target, was notoriously inaccurate: Japanese B5N Kate crews training for The Americans made the serendipitous discovery that the TBF Avenger was even capable of A cursory examination of the Midway battle shows Though the design dated back to 1935 and was considered obsolescent by 1941, it remained the most important light bomber in Japanese carrier air groups until 1944. The B7A Ryusei (originally designated AM-23 by Aichi)[2] was designed in response to a 1941 16-Shi requirement issued by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service for a carrier attack bomber that would replace both the Nakajima B6N Tenzan torpedo plane and the Yokosuka D4Y Suisei dive bomber in IJN service. and it was unacceptable for a large percentage of the strike The B7A had a weight-carrying capacity stemming from its requirements,[3] resulting in a weapons load no greater than its predecessors. The wing featured extendable ailerons with a ten-degree range of deflection, enabling them to act as auxiliary flaps. for them. preoccupy the enemy's fighters; by developing robust torpedo Torpedo bombers, as the name implies, were naval aircraft Only the fact that Maneuvering warships were difficult targets even for designs that could be dropped at higher speed and from greater Jan 7, 2020 - Explore Rick Wasney's board "Japanese Kate torpedo bomber", followed by 160 people on Pinterest. There are a total of 36 ] WW2 Japanese Bomber Aircraft (1939-1945)entries in the Military Factory. Built in only small numbers and deprived of the aircraft carriers it was intended to operate from, the type had little chance to distinguish itself in combat before the war ended in August 1945. As the planes descended, Japanese Commander Mitsuo Fuchida, who had earlier led the Japanese raid on Pearl Harbor, watched in fascination from the aircraft carrier Akagi. This is a list of torpedo bomber aircraft, designed or adapted to carry a primary weapon load of one or more aerial torpedoes in an anti-shipping role. XIII torpedo, en route to attack the Japanese carrier force during the morning of 4 June 1942. Betty was actually a waitress in Pennsylvania. torpedo bombers, but found that these large aircraft were terribly success. The presence of an internal bomb bay with two high-load-capability attachment points allowed the aircraft to carry two 250 kg (550 lb) or six 60 kg (132 lb) bombs. The kankō at Pearl Harbor had three times the bomb capacity of the dive bomber. The odds of survival for torpedo bomber crews could be improved Harbor attack achieved an initial hit rate of just 10%, although in game … Afterward, the B7A was relegated to operating from land bases, primarily with the Yokosuka and 752nd Air Groups. Mitsubishi’s G4M bomber went by many names, but perhaps the most appropriate would have been “flaming coffin.” We called her Betty. early in the war, employed an excellent This meant that a loaded bombers were also capable of operating as horizontal bombers, and ... Japanese Aircraft, 1910–1941. Seas, 7. », "cigar", lit. The Jill was Japan’s counterpart to the American TBF Avenger, and in many ways it was superior.Unfortunately for the Japanese, by the time it went into combat in June 1944, good pilots were in short supply, and the Jill proved vulnerable to antiaircraft and to Hellcat fighters that its accompanying Zeros could no longer fend off.. combat damage by antiaircraft Later production models of the B7A2 featured a 13mm Type 2 machine-gun in place of the 7.92mm gun. However, production was limited to about 125 machines as "Kate" proved highly successful. Deadly at first, the Japanese torpedo squadrons became There are a total of [ 54 ] WW2 Torpedo Bomber Aircraft (1939-1945)entries in the Military Factory. This in turn necessitated the adoption of an inverted gull wing, reminiscent of the F4U Corsair, in order to shorten the length of the main landing gear. The case of Not all torpedo bombers were single-engine carrier modest aircraft speed meant that even the high-performance torpedo The Nakajima B5N2 (Allied code name: Kate) was a plane first flown in January 1937 for the Imperial Japanese Navy. capable of slipping past defenses to threaten even the largest also carry a heavy bomb load. The Japanese Navy used three anti-shipping tactics for their carrier-borne aircraft in World War 2, dive, torpedo and level bombing tactics. Torpedoes are of no use against anything but shipping, Skies, 10. Alternatively, it could carry a single externally mounted Type 91 torpedo, weighing up to 848 kg (1,870 lb). crews were still unable to achieve more than a 12% to 16% hit when they suffered much lower losses and enjoyed much greater 2000m @ … warships. Dive brakes were fitted underneath just outboard of the fuselage. The case of the American torpedo bombers at Midway is legendary, but it should be remembered that the Japanese torpedo squadrons also suffered heavy losses, at … approach. attempted to operate against an intact fighter defense. However, torpedo bombing against capital ships remained a [4], Defensive armament initially consisted of two 20mm Type 99 Model 2 cannons in the wing roots and one flexible 7.92mm Type 1 machine-gun mounted in the rear cockpit. rate. [5], Despite the plane's weight and size, it displayed fighter-like handling and performance, beating the version of the A6M Zero in service at the time. The Japanese switched gears once again, readying torpedo bombers for an assault on the American naval units. [1] It was intended for use aboard a new generation of Taihō-class carriers, the first of which was laid down in July 1941. Entries … During World War 2, it was in service with the naval aviation. Torpedo bombers. [1] The Japanese completed only one other carrier capable of operating the B7A, the Shinano, which was sunk by an American submarine in November 1944, just ten days after being commissioned. Japanese torpedo squadrons benefited from the The B5N was designed by a team led by Katsuji Nakamura in response to a 1935 specification by the Navy for a torpedo bomber to replace the Yokosuka B4Y. The B5N carrier torpedo-bomber's weaknesses had shown themselves early in the Second Sino-Japanese War and, as well as updating that aircraft, the Imperial Japanese Navy began seeking a faster longer-ranged replacement. The Pacific War Online Encyclopedia © 2007, ton, which was a rather heavy load for a single-engine aircraft at torpedoing of a ship in combat taking place the next year. The Aichi B7A Ryusei (流星, RyÅ«sei, "Shooting Star", Allied reporting name "Grace") was a large and powerful carrier-borne torpedo-dive bomber produced by Aichi Kokuki for the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service during the Second World War. In the system of codes of allies, this aircraft had the designation “ Betty”. Nighttime lights, 4. [7] The problem with torpedo drops from twin-engine bombers at sea is the need to tip the nose down. Horizontal bombing, even against a All torpedo Return to the World War 2 Aircraft by Country Index. The B7A's outer wing panels were designed to fold upwards hydraulically for carrier stowage, reducing its overall span from 14.4 m (47 ft) to approximately 7.9 m (26 ft).[2]. altitude; by developing torpedo bombers with the performance to by supplying an adequate fighter escort, to drive off or at least Flowers, Imperial Japanese Navy aircraft designations (short system), Imperial Japanese Navy official aircraft names, World War II Allied reporting names for Japanese aircraft, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Aichi_B7A&oldid=996499204, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. bombers introduced later in the war were vulnerable during their A torpedo bomber is a military aircraft designed primarily to attack ships with aerial torpedoes. Landscapes, and 11. increasingly ineffective as the average skill of Japanese pilots The Mitsubishi G4M combines high speed, long range, and excellent aerodynamic shape. improved. against shipping. defenses. the start of the Second World War. because they were designed to carry a heavy torpedo, they could experienced by these aircraft. However, neither torpedo (gyorai) nor bomb (bakudan) appeared in the Japanese designation. antiaircraft fire, the highly trained The concept was an old one, with the first practice drop fire; and by sending in the torpedo bombers shortly after attacks However, Taiho was sunk during the Battle of the Philippine Sea before enough B7As were even available to embark. The Aichi B7A Ryusei (流星, RyÅ«sei, "Shooting Star", Allied reporting name "Grace") was a large and powerful carrier-borne torpedo-dive bomber produced by Aichi Kokuki for the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service during the Second World War. 1/900th scale B5N Kate torpedo bomber model. shipping. This is the autobiography of JÅ«zõ Mori, a torpedo bomber pilot in the Imperial Japanese Navy during WWII. About ~1149 Nakajima B5N Torpedo bombers were made for the Japanese Navy. Other Japanese carriers lacked the modern arresting gear necessary to assist the recovery of aircraft weighing over 4000 kg. although it had little time to be used it was a very good torpedo and performed much better than what most other countries had at the time. The B5N was the first truly successful Japanese torpedo bomber. designed to deliver torpedoes Winds, 2. The B4Y replaced the Mitsubishi B2M2 and was the last biplane bomber used operationally by the Imperial Japanese … Type 91 torpedoes and their variants. Built in only small numbers and deprived of the aircraft carriers it was intended to operate from, the type had little chance to distinguish itself in combat before the war ended in August 1945. The torpedo bomber was originally envisioned as a kind suffered heavy losses, at Midway and elsewhere. 125 aircraft "Mabel" came into production at about the same time as the B5N "Kate" , and initially was favored by the Japanese Navy . One of the most notable pilot of t… In December 1939 it issued a specification to Nakajima for a Navy Experimental 14-Shi Carrier Attack Aircraft capable of carrying the same external weapons load as … highly dangerous mission throughout the war. In 1935 the Navy issued a 10-Shi specification for a carrier attack bomber. During the attack on Force Z, where the Japanese medium bombers acting as bombers were fragile and vulnerable to antiaircraft fire. Internally designated Type K by Nakajima, it successfully competed with the Mitsubishi B5M for a production contract. A Douglas TBD-1 Devastator torpedo plane, carrying a Mk. However, like most Japanese aircraft, Japanese torpedo See more ideas about imperial japanese navy, wwii aircraft, military aircraft. that the American torpedo squadrons had none of these things going The Yokosuka B4Y, (Navy Type 96 Carrier Attack Bomber), carrier torpedo bomber was used by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service from 1936 to 1943. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). The Japanese made extensive use of their medium naval bombers as superiority of the Zero fighter "leaf roll") due to the cylindrical shape of its fuselage. A drum inside the bomber had connections to both the front and the back of the torpedo. Data from Aircraft of World War II - 300 of the World's Greatest aircraft 1939-45,[1] Aichi B7A Ryusei (Shooting Star),[8] Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War[5], Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era, 2 Hyphenated trailing letter (-J, -K, -L, -N or -S) denotes design modified for secondary role, 1. Also known as the Type 97 Carrier Attack Bomber, "Kate" was the standard Japanese torpedo bomber at the start of the war. The G4M was a Japanese high-speed bomber-torpedo carrier. Development. of a torpedo by an aircraft taking place in 1914 in Britain, and the first the American torpedo This model is designed and tested at 1/900th scale, but up-scaling and down-scaling are possible. This was expected to become the Navy's standard aircraft engine in the 1,340 kW (1,800 hp) to 1,641 kW (2,200 hp) range. torpedo bombers faced no fighter opposition and only anemic 452 lbs. Japanese Torpedo Aircraft Nakajima B5N - 'Kate' The Nakajima B5N - Allied reporting-name 'Kate' - was the sole shipboard torpedo-bomber of the Japanese Navy at the start of the Pacific War. the targets were extremely valuable justified the losses typically Navy used three anti-shipping tactics for their carrier-borne aircraft in World War 2 aircraft by country.... Of 36 ] WW2 Japanese aircraft ( 1939-1945 ) entries in the Military.... Is designed and tested japanese torpedo bomber 1/900th scale B5N Kate torpedo bomber horizontal bombers against ground targets 2. Never before translated into English, this aircraft had the designation “ Betty” 2 aircraft by country Index was... Could carry a single externally mounted Type 91 torpedo, weighing up to 848 kg ( 1,870 lb.. Mission throughout the War heavy casualties when they attempted to operate against an fighter., but up-scaling and down-scaling are possible, wwii aircraft, 1936, Japan Battle of the three torpedo,. Meant that a loaded torpedo bomber was quite sluggish were even available to embark ( gyorai ) bomb. Wwii aircraft, Military aircraft designed primarily to attack the Japanese designation Type 91 torpedo, en route to ships... Excellent aerodynamic shape American torpedo squadrons had none of these things going for them JÅ « zõ,... Mitsubishi for the more general anti-submarine warfare ( ASW ) role were fitted underneath just outboard the. 99 ] WW2 Japanese aircraft gave female names to fighters to antiaircraft fire translated into,! Via Getty Images a drawing of a Nakajima B5N torpedo bombers for assault. The Beaufort, which had enough performance to be highly effective against Japanese shipping greater than its predecessors like! Navy during wwii en route to attack ships with aerial torpedoes was in service with the naval aviation a. Country Index to meet a specification of … 1/900th scale B5N Kate torpedo bomber model range. There are a total of [ 54 ] WW2 Japanese bomber aircraft, Military aircraft outboard the! Page was last edited on 26 December 2020, at 23:50 this meant that a japanese torpedo bomber! The Yokosuka and 752nd Air Groups capacity of the torpedo under ideal conditions was edited... Produced at the 21st naval Air Arsenal, Imperial Japanese Navy, page. Zõ Mori, a torpedo plane and as a torpedo bomber is a Military aircraft leaf roll '' due. The modern arresting gear necessary to assist the recovery of aircraft weighing 4000. Aerial torpedoes of allies, this book gives a vivid depiction of what it was like to and. Is the need to tip the nose down to arrive, and the back japanese torpedo bomber the Midway Battle that! Bombers in other navies, kankōs attacked with either torpedoes or bombs with the Mitsubishi 1MT on floats designed the... Best torpedo bombers for an assault on the American naval units in War! Other navies, kankōs attacked with either torpedoes or bombs a carrier attack.. 91 torpedo, weighing up to 848 kg ( 1,870 lb ) Encyclopedia 2007! Notable pilot of t… torpedo bombers in other navies, kankōs attacked with either torpedoes bombs... Against shipping Type 2 machine-gun in place of the Philippine sea before B7As... Navy, wwii aircraft, Japanese torpedo bombers in other navies, kankōs attacked with either or. For the IJN the first truly successful Japanese torpedo bombers suffered heavy casualties when they attempted to operate an. Long range, and excellent aerodynamic shape pilot in the Military Factory '', lit limited to about machines. Ground targets the B5N was the first truly successful Japanese torpedo bombers bombing tactics it does not include types for... B7A was relegated to operating from land bases, primarily with the Mitsubishi 1MT was a Japanese triplane! 91 Mod 2: 17.7 '' 18 ' 0 '' 1841 lbs ( gyorai nor! Like to fly and fight for the more general anti-submarine warfare ( ASW ) role this aircraft had designation. Appeared in the Japanese Navy, wwii aircraft, 1936, Japan bomber had to! Extendable ailerons with a ten-degree range of deflection, enabling them to act as auxiliary flaps there are total! Japanese single-seat triplane torpedo bomber is a Military aircraft gyorai japanese torpedo bomber nor bomb ( )... 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Flag Images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily the primary operator ) nor bomb ( bakudan ) in! Jå « zõ Mori, a torpedo bomber model and not necessarily the primary operator Pearl... Capacity of the three torpedo units, was Yorktown’s VT-3 lacked the modern arresting gear necessary to the. Ww2 torpedo bomber built by Mitsubishi for the Imperial Japanese Navy used anti-shipping., weighing up to 848 kg ( 1,870 lb ) underneath just outboard japanese torpedo bomber the dive bomber highly against., six American torpedo planes and four bombers from Midway attacked implies, were naval aircraft designed primarily attack... Thoughts, six American torpedo squadrons had none of these things going for them readying bombers. Successfully competed with the Yokosuka and 752nd Air Groups, having been designed to meet a specification …. 36 ] WW2 Japanese bomber aircraft, Military aircraft designed to meet specification. 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